營建中英文用詞

下篇分類為『中央監控、保全』、『設備、雜項工程』、『營建管理』、『自然生態工程』

九、中央監控、保全

 中文英文 (縮寫)相關詞彙英文
1大樓網路整合系統(BINS) building integrated network system
2設施管理(FMCS) facility management control system
3閉路電視系統(CCTV)
4大樓自動化系統(BAS) building automatic systemcooling tower
5門禁及安全系統(PAS)
6保全security

十、設備、雜項工程

 中文英文 (縮寫)相關詞彙英文
1電梯elevator扶梯escalator
2洗窗機gondola / window washing machine
3卸貨平台dock
4輸送帶conveyer輸送機down waiter

十一、營建管理(Construction Management)

 中文英文 (縮寫)相關詞彙英文
1興建、經營、轉移(B.O.T) build operate transfer
2政府採購協定(GPA) government purchasing association
3計畫評核術(PERT) program evaluation and review technique
4要徑法(CPM) critical path method
5箭線圖arrow結點圖node diagram
6浮時float time干擾浮時interfering float
7分工結構圖(WBS) work breakdown structure
8全面品管(TQC) total quality control
9價值工程(VE) value engineering
10價值工程變更提議(VECP) value engineering change proposal
11現場改善建議(FMP) field modification proposal
12現場零星變更(FCR) field change request
13潛在變更設計(PCO) potential change orders
14現場施工未符合報告(NCR) non -conformance report
15口頭指示確認(CVI) conformance of verbal instruction
16專家系統(ES) expert system
17人工智慧(AI) artificial intelligence
18分散式資料庫管理系統distributed data base management system
19工地生產力job-site productivity
20可行性研究feasibility study施工性constructability
21定額承包契約fixed price contracts
22成本加報酬契約cost-reimbursement contracts / _x000D_
cost-plus-fee contract
23統包契約turnkey contracts / all in contracts
24總價承包契約lump-sum contracts
25單價承包契約unit-price contracts
26數量精算式總價承包契約measure and value contracts
27管理契約management contracts
28補充條款supplementary conditions
29不平衡標unbalanced bids
30性能規範performance specification.
31資格預審prequalification
32投標保證、押標金bid bond
33履約保證performance bond違約金default penalty
34付款保證payment bond預付款保證advanced payment guarantee
35保留款保證retention bond保固保證maintenance bond
36保證書guaranty保證額度bonding capacity
37棄權書waiver
38委任書power of attorney
39合作備忘錄memorandum of understanding
40債權人obligee擔保人
被保人
surety
principal
41施工計劃method statement
42保留款retain age
43缺失表punch list
44廠樣圖shop drawings
45特性要因圖characteristic diagram
46估定額assessed amount
47發包procurement
48計劃-執行-查核-處置 PDCA plan-do-check-action
49預訂施工進度或合約請款金額BCWS budgeted cost for work scheduled
50實際施工進度、可動用預算金額BCWP budgeted cost for work performed
51實支成本 ACWP actual cost for work performed
52實績、可動用預算金額EV earned value
53進度差異 ( =BCWP-BCWS )SV Schedule Variation
54成本差異 ( =BCWP-ACWP )CV cost variation
55成本績效指數 ( =BCWP/ACWP )CPI cost performance index
56進度績效指數 ( =BCWP/BCWS )SPI schedule performance index
57監工supervisor engineer工地主任superintendent
58匯合點merge分歧點burst point
59橫線工程表bar chartgantt chart
60RAMPSresource allocation and multi project scheduling
61直接成本activity direct cost趕工成本crash cost
62成本曲線cost curve成本斜率cost slope
63準備金contingency
64日程計劃scheduling追查管制follow up
65捷徑施工fast tracking construction
66常態分佈normal distribution
67管制圖control chart
68散佈圖scatter diagram
69不良率fraction defective
70經常費overhead charge
71腦力激盪brain storming
72要因分析factor analysis
73集團分析cluster analysis
74回歸分析regression analysis
75判別分析discriminating analysis
76折舊depreciation現值
現金流量
present value
cash flow
77安全與衛生safety and hygiene
78工具箱會議tool box meeting
79仲裁條款arbitration clause協商談判 negotiation
80索賠claim

十二、自然生態工程

 中文英文 (縮寫)相關詞彙英文
1自然工程nature working method / _x000D_
eco-engineering method
2植生工法vegetation engineering
3水土保持soil and water conservation
4隔籠檔土牆crib retaining wall
5砌塊石stone masonry
6舖塊石stone pitching
7板狀柵工plate hurdle works
8帶狀工法ground still
9河岸綠化riverside planting
10蛇籠工wire cylinder
11環境護岸embankment landscaping
12環境指標environmental indication
13親水護岸amenity embankment
14柳枝條工法wicker works
15馴化acclimation
16適應adaptation
17相剋作用 (毒他作用)allelopathy
18生物族群biotic association
19景觀生態學landscape ecology
20個體生態學auto ecology
21生物歧異度species diversity
22生物需氧量biological oxygen demand: BOD
23生物量biomass
24緩衝帶buffer strip
25負載能力carry capacity
26極向climax
27植物社會plant community
28生態學ecology生態系ecosystem
29生態考量ecological approach
30生活型life form
31水岸water front
32再生regeneration
33親水water accessibility
34河川廊道river corridor
35遷徙廊道migration corridor

 

出處 :營建工程英文 Construction English,許燕輝編著,詹氏書局


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