營建中英文用詞

中篇分為『裝修工程』、『帷幕牆工程』、『景觀、土木、道路工程』、『電氣、消防、給排水工程』、『空調工程』五大類。

四、裝修工程

 中文英文相關詞彙英文
1水泥粉刷cement finish泥作
鐵鏝刀
masonry
steel trowel
2磚牆brick wall空心磚牆concrete block wall
3花崗石granite大理石marble
4光面polished finish燒面flamed finish
5殘障坡道handicap ramp止滑條non slip nosing
6爬梯ladder扶手handrail
7整體粉光monolithic finish硬化地坪hardness finish
8煙灰碟ash tray給皂機soap dispenser
9防火門fire door鐵捲門roller shutter
10門框door frame門楣transom
11門檻threshold門側柱jamb
12窗櫺、直料mullion窗台sill
13馬桶water closet小便斗urinal
14石膏板gypsum board礦纖板mineral fiber board
15矽酸鈣板calcium silicate board輕隔間dry wall
16方塊地毯carpet tile塑膠地磚vinyl tile
17高架地板accessed floor raised floor
18鋁企口天花aluminum slat ceiling
19磁磚ceramic tile
20明架exposed半明架
暗架
recessed
hinted grid
21屋脊ridge屋簷
天溝
eave
gutter
22泛水flashing收邊trim
23防(洪)水閘門flood gate
24山牆end wall側牆side wall
25水平校正直線alignment垂直校正直線plumbing
26斜角bevelchamferhaunch
27毛絲面hair line finish
28乳膠漆emulsion paint水泥漆cement mortar paint
29凡立水varnish調和漆ready mixed paint
30磁漆enamel pain壓克力漆acrylic lacquer
31酸洗pickling噴砂sand blasting
32水性water-based水溶性water soluble
33紅丹漆red lead paint鋅鉻黃底漆zinc chromate primer
34伐鏽底漆wash primer無機鋅粉底漆inorganic zinc rich primer
35環氧鋅粉底漆epoxy zinc rich primer環氧樹脂面漆epoxy topcoat
36烤漆baking enamel
37銀粉噴漆metallic lacquer透明噴漆clear lacquer
38亮光high-gloss平光flat
39水/油性補土emulsion/oil putty
40耐熱漆heat resisting paint路線漆traffic paint
41防霉漆anti-mildew emulsion paint

五、帷幕牆工程(Curtain Wall)

 中文英文 (縮寫)相關詞彙英文
1直橫料系統stick wall system
2單元化系統unitized system
3窗間牆系統spandrel system
4複合式系統composite system
5外觀、正面facade
6玻璃安裝glazing
7層間板spandrel
8笠木coping金屬包板closure
9收邊料trim披水板flashing
10錨定、二次鐵件anchor
11一次鐵件kicker
12托架bracket
13預埋件embed
14繫件、固定件fastener
15自攻螺絲self-drill screw尖頭螺絲tapping screw
16公差tolerance餘裕allowance
17填縫材caulking sealant
18裝飾線板moulding
19實體模型mock up
20工程品質workrnanship
21防風雨條whether strip
22藍圖/原圖blue print / sepia .
23施工大樣圖shop detail drawing
24強化玻璃tempered glass
25膠合玻璃laminated glass
26層間玻璃隔層spandrel panel frit
27玻璃墊setting block
28反射玻璃reflective glass
29眺望玻璃vision glass
30透明光學玻璃vision light glass
31熱浸鍍鋅hot dipped galvanized
32塗料修飾touchup
33尿烷(氨基甲酸乙酯)urethane
34氣泡sponge/blister
35肖氏硬度durometer shore
36固定框retaining member
37豎框mullion橫檔/橫楣
側框
transom
jamb
38底槽starter track
39隔件spacer夾片(薄)shim
40浮式float glass平板玻璃plate glass
41退火annealed
42羽狀煙痕smoke vane
43硬化玻璃heat-strengthened glass
44坡口bevel
45雪花碎裂flake chip
46粗碎裂rough chip
47鱗紋ripple
48波紋wave
49中空玻璃insulating glass
50聚異丁烯polyisobutylene
51樓板玻璃spandrel area
52垂直中框mullion framing
53滴水盤drip pan
54檻板sill
55表面塗層finishing二度塗層 topcoat
56凹陷sage
57風乾air-drying
58下捲板downturn
59下端吊板soffit
60氯丁橡膠片neoprene sheet氯丁橡膠壓條neoprene gasket
61粉化chalking
62排水泡綿weep baffles / open cell urethane foam
63埋頭式螺絲countersunk type screw
64錨拉桿anchor tie
65挫屈buckling潛變creep
66凸起bulging
67紋理texture
68結構矽利康structural silicone
69硫化聚合系polysulfide
70污染性試驗staining test
71擠型extrusion shape
72立板upstand
73配件accessories
74拉索條tieback
75色域標準color range standard
76氟碳樹酯(PVDF) polyvinylide-nefluoride
77聚四氟碳樹酯(PTFE) polytetrafluoroethylene (teflon)
78丁酮MEK

六、景觀、土木、道路工程

 中文英文 (縮寫)相關詞彙英文
1緣石curb人行道sidewalk
2溝/排水溝ditch/trench
3路基基層sub-base course路基底層base course
4透層asphalt prime coat黏層asphalt tack coat
5AC路面asphalt concrete pavement
6抽水interim pumping降水
集水井
dewatering
catch basin
7高架道路viaduct胸牆parapet
8箱涵culvert
9衛生管sanitary piping化糞池septic tank
10通氣管道ventilation shaft
11變電站bulk supply substation
12人孔man hole手孔
鑄鐵蓋板
hand hole
cast iron grate
13花台planter box灑水器sprinkler
14挖土excavation回填
級配
backfill
grade
15小石pebble礫石
圓石
gravel
boulder
16不織布non-woven fabric排水drainage
17防水waterproofing防水膜membrane
18草本植物herbage草地
灌木
turf
shrub
19管線設施utilities
20落水頭rainwater head
21混凝土磚Concrete Masonry Unit
22混凝土空心磚Concrete Molded Unit

七、電氣、消防、給排水工程

 中文英文 (縮寫)相關詞彙英文
1連續供電系統(CPS) continuous power system
2不斷電系統(UPS)un-interrupted power system
3電力及電氣系統power and electric system
4消防系統fire protection system
5給排水系統plumbing system
6串聯電路series circuit並聯電路parallel circuit
7直流電DC交流電AC
8無熔絲開關(NFB) no fuse Brake
9電壓voltage電阻resistance
10電線架cable tray
11拉接線盒pull and junction boxes
12開關switch出線盒outlet boxes
13變電站substation分電盤panel-board
14匯流排bus way匯流排槽bus duct
15接地grounding
16變壓器transformer變頻器adjustable frequency drives
17安定器ballasts
18發電機並聯盤emergency generator &itch gear
19避雷系統lighting protection system
20火災警報及語音防災系統fire alarm and voice evacuation system
21加壓泵booster pump
22水封seal存水彎trap
23光通量luminous flux流明lumen
24照度illumination勒克斯
輝度
lux
brightness

八、空調工程

 中文英文(縮寫)相關詞彙英文
1直接數位控制direct digital control
2區域網路LAN
3資料集線器HUB/concentrator
4冰水主機chiller冷卻水塔cooling tower
5螺旋式冰水主機spiral / rotary screw chiller
6離心式冰水主機centrifugal chiller
7熱交換器heat exchanger
8儲冰槽ice storage tank儲冰盤管ice storage coil
9空調箱air handling unit
10風機盤管機(F. C. unit) fan coil unit
11可變風量(VAV) variable air volume
12變風量端機VAV Box
13風管air duct風機fan
14保溫insulation
15地板誘導式系統under floor induction system
16基座pad
17水泵pump
18帶型吊架band type hanger條型吊架strap hanger
19u型吊架adjustable clevis hanger
20風量閘門volume damper分歧閘門splitter damper
21順風片turning vane導風片air deflector
22軟接頭flexible connection
23測孔duct test hole
24外週區空調箱(PAHU) perimeter AHU
25外殼負荷skin load
26核心區域core area內部區域interior spaces

 

出處 :營建工程英文 Construction English,許燕輝編著,詹氏書局


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