營建中英文用詞

繼上次的「營建工程術語好好玩」台語篇的介紹,這次將營建相關英文用詞,整理給大家。

本篇有『建築空間』、『基礎工程、地質調查』、『結構工程』三大類。

 

一、建築空間 (Architecture Space)

 中文英文
(縮寫)
相關詞彙英文
1車道parking ramp停車場parking lot、carpark
2大廳lobby交誼大廳social plaza
3商場shopping mal店面shopfront、storefront
4美食廣場food court
5走道aisle門廊gallery
6陽台balcony露台terrace
7瞭望台observatory
8樓梯間staircase太平梯emergency stair
9排煙室exhaust room
10電梯昇降道hoist way電梯機坑elevator pit
11廁所toilet、restroom茶水間kitchen
12機房machine room
13受變電室power substation配電室power distribution room
14水箱water tank
15夾層mezzanine
16會議室conference
17儲藏室storage room
18管道間shaft
19(工地外圍的)
臨時板牆
site boarding
20直昇機坪helicopter pad
21天井、中庭atrium
22天窗、採光罩skylight
23雨庇canopy
24天橋sky-bridge
25欄杆balustrade
26尖塔pinnacle
27健身房fitness center

二、基礎工程、地質調查

 中文英文
(縮寫)
相關詞彙英文
1放樣layout
2安全圍籬fence
3連續壁diaphragm wall
4導溝(牆)guide ditch(wall)
5皂土bentonite
6特密管tremie pipe
7鋼筋籠steel cage鋼筋續接器coupler
8MHL工法Masago hydraulic long-bucket
9超音波測試ultra sonic test
10監測系統monitoring system
11傾斜儀inclinometer
12水壓計Piezometer、water pressure cell
13鋼筋計rebar stressmeter
14水位觀測井observational well地下水位underground water table
15安全支撐strutting角托架
支撐應力
bracket
strut axial force
16鋼筋應力計rebar stress meter土壓計earth pressure cell
17沉陷釘settlement point隆起桿heave stake
18整地grading開挖excavation
19推土機bulldozer挖溝機
鑽掘機
backhoe
driller
20筏式基礎raft foundation
21高壓噴射灌漿jet grouting
22中間樁king post橫板條
鋼板樁
waling strip
sheet pile
23施工構台working platform覆工鈑deck
24油壓千金頂hydraulic jack
25托底工法underpinning
26地錨荷重計load cell
27打擊式基樁driven pile鑽掘式基樁bored pile
28樁錘pile hammer樁帽
樁墊
caplock
cushion
29地錨earth anchor岩錨
土釘
rock anchor
soil nail
30加勁土reinforced earth地質改良soil improvement
31隆起heaving管湧
點井
piping
well point
32地工織物geotextile
33新奧工法new Austrian tunneling method
34推管工法jacking method
35管幕工法pipe roof method
36潛盾隧道工法shield tunneling method
37鑽炸工法drilling and blasting
38反循環場鑄基樁reversed circulation cast-in-place pile
39圓錐貫入試驗cone penetration test
40最佳含水量optimum moisture content
41預力鋼鍵地錨pre-stressed ground anchor
42逆打工法top-down construction method
43eps工法expandable poly styrolene
44全球定位系統global positioning system
45正/逆斷層normal / reverse fault活動斷層active faults
46摺皺folds節理
層理
joint
stratification
47沖積層alluvium洪積層
崩積土
diluvium
colluvium
48向斜層syncline背斜層
走向
anticline
strike
49岩體rock mass岩材rock material
50傾角dip傾向dip direction
51透地雷達ground penetrating radar
52岩漿magma熔岩
玄武岩
安山岩
lava
basalt
andesite
53砂岩sandstone石灰岩
泥岩
頁岩
limestone
mudstone
shale
54花崗岩granite大理岩
片麻岩
marble
gneiss
55沉積岩sedimentary rock變質岩metamorphic rock
56土石流debris泥流
土流
mudflow
earthflow
57風化weathering泥縫seam
58壩址dam-site淹沒區
集水區
impounded area
catchment area
59岩體品質判定(RQD) rock quality designation
60岩體評分(RMR) rock mass rating
61標準劈管取樣standard split-spoon sampling
62薄管取樣thin wall tube sampling

三、結構工程

 中文英文 (縮寫)相關詞彙英文
1鋼筋混凝土reinforced concrete預拌混凝土pre-mixed concrete
2初凝initial set終凝final set
3坍度slump流度
可泵度
flowability
pumpability
4細度fineness健度soundness
5析離segregation泌水bleeding
6搗固(實)tamping震動機vibrator
7水灰比water-cement ratio水膠比water-colloid ratio
8伸縮縫expansion joint施工縫construction joint
9試體cylinder樣本specimen
10止水帶water stop
11摻料、摻劑admixture養護劑curing compound
12壓送泵concrete pump
13拌合廠batch plant
14鋼筋rebar、reinforcement紮筋鐵絲binding wire
15間隔器spacer保護層protective cover
16異形鋼筋deformed bar圓鋼筋plain bar
17搭接lap splicing
18塑膠墊plastic bar
19箍筋stirrup
20點焊鋼絲網welded wire mesh
21模板formwork模板桁條joist
22清潔口access opening
23繫結器form tie模板支撐strut
24鷹架scaffold
25鋼結構steel structure
26鋼板steel plate角鐵
槽鐵
angle
channel
27防火披覆fireproofing防火時效fire rate
28蛭石vermiculite石綿asbestos
29高張力螺栓high tension bolts錨定螺栓anchor bolts
30剪力釘shear stud
31製造fabrication組立
吊裝
assemble
erection
32焊接welding
33噴砂sand blasting油漆
補漆
painting
touch up
34柱內隔板column diaphragm plate
35搭接板splice plate加勁板stiffener
36大樑/小樑girder/beam
37斜撐bracing
38翼板flange腹板web
39樑穿孔beam penetration
40套管sleeve
41箱型柱box column
42組合型鋼built-up section熱軋型鋼rolled section
43對焊groove weld填角焊fillet weld
44槽焊slot weld塞焊plug weld
45鑽孔drilling衝孔punching
46跨距span
47預拱camber
48勁度stiffness韌性ductile
49位移drift
50地震損害seismic damage
51風洞試驗wind tunnel test
52剛性架構rigid frame
53輕型鋼light gage steel
54非破壞試驗non-destructive test
55淬火/回火quenched/tempered
56繫板/繫條tie plate/lacing
57殘留應力residual stress
58潛弧焊(SAW) submerged arc welding
59被覆金屬電弧焊(SMAW) shielded metal arc welding
60氣體金屬電弧焊(GMAW) gas metal arc welding
61包藥焊線電弧焊(FCAW) flux cored arc welding
62電熔渣焊(ESW) electroslag welding
63電氣焊(EGW) electrogas welding
64植釘焊(SW) stud welding
65拼接splice疊接lap splice
66薄殼thin shell摺版fold plate
67埋置長embedment length
68圍束區confined region
69接頭補強鐵板gusset plate
70消能阻尼器damper隔震器
支承墊
isolator
bearing pad
71懸臂工法cantilever construction
72支撐先進法advanced shoring method
73節塊推進法increment launching method
74柱頭版pier table
75預鑄鋼筋混凝土(PRX) Precast Reinforced Concrete

 

出處 :營建工程英文 Construction English,許燕輝編著,詹氏書局


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